celtic loanwords german

by Frank and John

Celtic elements in English vocabulary
'5 This is also the case of one of tl1e oldest Celtic loan-words attested in Germanic — 'iron' (OE iren;. Gmc. *:'sornam < Celt. *r'sarno-; cf. Irish iorann, Welsh .
http://ifa.amu.edu.pl/sap/files/32/08Stelmaszczyk.pdf



The English Language and The Celtic Question | GreenAsh
Aug 30, 2010 . His first reason is that Celtic and Germanic are two such different . years seems responsible for the dearth of Celtic loan words in the English .
http://greenash.net.au/thoughts/2010/08/the-english-language-and-the-celtic-question/



Mod 6 Lesson 6.2.1 History of English: Old English
These borrowings--the aboriginal substrate in Germanic-- are all that . Celtic had very little influence on English and is mostly preserved in place names.
http://emedia.leeward.hawaii.edu/hurley/Ling102web/mod6_world/6mod6.2.1_oe.htm



zompist bboard • View topic - Substrate loanwords in Celtic
Substrate loanwords of unknown etymology (for future research): . Celtic *d?no - has Germanic cognates such as English town and German Zaun 'fence'.
http://www.incatena.org/viewtopic.php?t=33689



Annotated list of Celtic loanwords, and possible Celtic loanwords, in ...
Annotated list of Celtic loanwords, and possible Celtic loanwords, in Proto- Germanic. 1. Words shown to be Celtic loanwords by the Celtic sound change *? > *?.
http://www.ling.upenn.edu/~kroch/courses/lx310/ringe-handouts-09/celt-loans.pdf



The Precursors of Celtic and Germanic - University of Copenhagen
?The Precursors of Celtic and Germanic Adam Hyllks ild University o/C' openhagen 1. Loanword or heritage? While Germanic has quite a few Celtic loanwords .
http://ku-dk.academia.edu/AdamHyllested/Papers/347687/The_Precursors_of_Celtic_and_Germanic



"Introduction to the History of English" Loanwords in English Basics ...
Loanwords in English . Celtic. From 449 till present (2). Scandinavian. Old Norse. From c800 - c1100 (5) . Spanish/Portuguese (9e) - Dutch (9f) - German. ( 9g) .
http://www.univie.ac.at/Anglistik/Dalton/Hans%20CD%20pdfs/Loanwords.pdf


The Origins of Old English
Borrowings in Old English. This whole issue of word origins is very difficult as Latin, the Germanic tongues, Old English (derived from Germanic), and the Celtic .
http://www.jebbo.co.uk/learn-oe/origins.htm



Talk:Reich - Wiktionary
An excerpt from Don Ringe's book for Bogorm, who questions the Celtic origin of the Common Germanic word for "king": Celtic loanwords in PGmc included at .
http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Talk:Reich



Proto-Slavic borrowings - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The conclusion is that the speakers of Germanic must have . are generally held to be Germanic loanwords in Proto-Slavic: PSl. . *t?nu 'fence' (OCS tyn?) < Germanic *t?naz < Celtic *d?no 'fortification' (cf.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proto-Slavic_borrowings



Name: Ayesh Ali Al-zalabih
Phone number: +962 776 924 937
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celtic loanwords german

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Words in English: Loanwords
Aug 22, 2011 . Loanwords, English Words, Structure, History, Use, taught by Suzanne Kemmer . For example, the Germanic tribes in the first few centuries A.D. adopted . Celtic brocc 'badger' cumb 'combe, valley' (few ordinary words, but .
http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Words/loanwords.html


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by: Anonymous

The Influence of Celtic on English
However, the Celtic peoples who invaded Britain are believed to have integrated . across most of central Europe and interacted with the Germanic tribes. . for the dearth of Celtic loan words in the English language, a language renowned for .
http://homes.chass.utoronto.ca/~cpercy/courses/6361Lovis.htm


When was Proto-Celtic spoken (offtopic from Beaker-Bell R1b) - Page 2
Both Euler's late model and the traditional (early iron age) model are compatible with the corpus of Celtic loanwords into Proto-Germanic.
http://www.eupedia.com/forum/showthread.php?27510-When-was-Proto-Celtic-spoken-(offtopic-from-Beaker-Bell-R1b)/page2


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celtic loanwords german
by: Anonymous

We had a great stay in celtic loanwords german with Ayesh

Celtic Inhabitants of Britain
They were part of an ethnic grouping known as the Celts. . Reich), is almost certainly Celtic in origin, but this word was probably adapted by Germanic tribes on the . In general, two types of Celtic loan words were likely targets of permanent .
http://web.cn.edu/kwheeler/hist_celts.html


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celtic loanwords german
by: Anonymous

languagehat.com: THE CELTIC MYTH.
Oct 2, 2006 . It seems likely that the Belgae had a mixture of Celtic and Germanic . Oppemheimer attempts to solve-why so few Celtic loan words in .
http://www.languagehat.com/archives/002504.php


The Precursors of Celtic and Germanic - Program in Indo-European ...
The Precursors of Celtic and Germanic. Adam Hyllested. University of Copenhagen. It is well known that Germanic has quite a few Celtic loanwords ( see, e.g., .
http://www.pies.ucla.edu/pdfs/IEC/IEC21/hyllested_a_2009f.pdf


English and Celtic in contact: the state of the art in the ... - Joensuu
According to the generally held view Celtic languages have only played a very minor . to no more than a dozen or so loanwords (see, especially Förster 1921). . to have left any significant traces in the speech of the Germanic conquerors.
http://wanda.uef.fi/ecc/colloquium/filppula_et_al.html



Inheritance versus lexical borrowing: a case with ... - Language Log
PGmc.) There are other Celtic loanwords in Germanic, recognizable for various reasons, but this is the only set that gives us an interesting relative chronology of .
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/myl/InheritanceVsBorrowing.pdf


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celtic loanwords german with Ayesh
by: Kamini

Germanic People - Tribes and Races
The Celtic influence and contacts between Gaulish and early Germanic culture along the Rhine is assumed as the source of a number of Celtic loanwords in .
http://www.imperialteutonicorder.com/id43.html


Indo-European Chronology: the 2nd period
Soon Celts appeared in France and in South Germany. . While the first Veda, Rigveda, contains practically no loanwords from other languages, later Vedas .
http://indoeuro.bizland.com/project/chron/chron1.html


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by: Anonymous

An Analysis of the Celtic and Slavic Elements in the German ...
the specific influence exerted on it by the Celtic and Slavic tongues with which it . The Slavic loan words found in German are much less prevalent and very .
http://digitalcommons.iwu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1096&context=jwprc


Did Latin merge with Celtic languages to form Romance languages ...
mostly illiterate Germanic tribes adopted Latin after conquering the Western . and Latin, there is only a very small amount of Celtic loanwords.
http://www.eupedia.com/forum/showthread.php?25472-Did-Latin-merge-with-Celtic-languages-to-form-Romance-languages/page3


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by: Mark

Assibilation
In a local Low German dialect in East Frisia, Remmers (1997:83ff.) . The few examples of Celtic loanwords in English, however, show voiced stops in Celtic too.
http://www.ekfrysk.host22.com/ASHYP5b2.htm


Short list of early loanwords in Old English (not counting Celtic ...
Short list of early loanwords in Old English (not counting Celtic loanwords in Proto-. Germanic). Latin words in Proto-Germanic: pund 'pound' < PGmc. *pund? .
http://www.ling.upenn.edu/~kroch/courses/lx310/ringe-handouts-09/oe-loans-09.pdf

R1b P312 in Norway
. the "refounding" of "Scotland" as a Gaelic country: in the 9th century, . a fair amount of Celtic loanwords into Proto-Germanic, regardless of .
http://www.eupedia.com/forum/showthread.php?27309-R1b-P312-in-Norway

Gothic and Gutnish [Archive] - Europe Forum
All of the above are Celtic loanwords into Germanic, and if your scenario was accurate, that shouldn't be the case. Also, R1a-M17 has been in .
http://www.eupedia.com/forum/archive/index.php/t-27197.html


Pre-Celtic and Celtic languages
There are very few Celtic loan words in Old English; the word dry [dry:] 'magician' (cf. . e.g. My tooth is sore, again compare German Mir tut der Zahn weh, lit.
http://www.uni-due.de/SHE/HE_CelticLanguages.htm


Why are there so few words in English that are derived from Welsh ...
Apr 4, 2011 . English words borrowed from Celt are less than one hundred and . of an accident ("Das Opfer" in German, "Victim" in many Latin languages). . Most of common English loan words come from Norse, Anglo-saxon or Norman.
http://english.stackexchange.com/questions/19328/why-are-there-so-few-words-in-english-that-are-derived-from-welsh


His contacts are:
Ayesh Ali Al-zalabih
celtic loanwords german rum Discovery camp& Bivouac camping &Bedouin guides & jeep

Was Galatian Really Celtic? - How old is English?
some of the Celts, whom we call Germans, had occupied all the Belgic territory along . been considered loan-words from Celtic, and not related to some .
http://www.proto-english.org/Galatians.pdf


Linguistics 201: History of the English Language
These mysterious northern European aborigines were not Celtic, for the Celts . These borrowings--the aboriginal substrate in Germanic-- are all that remains of .
http://pandora.cii.wwu.edu/vajda/ling201/test3materials/History_of_English.htm


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Flannel trousers are not English! | OxfordWords blog
Oct 6, 2011 . We see plenty of loanwords that have come to English from our European neighbours. . a sentence without using words of French, German, or Italian origin. . Thus while bard, for example, is clearly a Celtic word, we offer the .
http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2011/10/flannel-trousers-are-not-english/


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celtic loanwords german
by: Anonymous

English - a German dialect? - Rotary Club of Munich International
from the Low German speaking Continental coastal regions . fact, the small number of Celtic loan-words in English, has been interpreted by people with .
http://www.rotary-muenchen.de/2005-2006/theo-vennemann.pdf


Where is the Substrate in the Germanic Lexicon? - Etymology and ...
. on the Germanic languages) and on the other hand an adstrate influence is quite difficult to assume (perhaps the early Celtic loanwords could be summerised .
http://www.fachtagung.dk/abstracts/148.docx


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by: Anonymous

Theo Vennemann
He also suggested that the High German consonant shift was already . Basque, is a substratum of European languages, especially Germanic, Celtic, and Italic. This is evidenced by various loan words, toponyms, and structural features such .
http://www.ling.fju.edu.tw/phono/Theo%20Vennemann.html


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Andre

The Sutton Hoo Sceptre and the Roots of Celtic Kingship Theory
Nov 17, 2008 . Such essentialist approaches to 'Celtic' and 'Germanic' identities have . Age saw the widespread adoption of Celtic loanwords into Germanic, .
http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/CXXIII/505/1508.short


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Dear All,

Author's personal copy - Center for Language Science
as Germanic, Celtic and Italic) which may not fall within the competence of a single . The Semitidic languages of the Atlantic seaboard gave many loanwords to .
http://cls.psu.edu/pubs/pubs/LINGUA1158.pdf


The sources of English words
This is not to say that the Germanic settlers were without poetry, music and . Celtic speakers seem to have been kept separate from the Anglo-Saxon . The end result is a surprising small number – only a handful – of Celtic borrowings.
http://courses.nus.edu.sg/course/elltankw/history/Vocab/D.htm


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very good
by: Anonymous

Celto-Germanic Culture, Myth and History
Sep 15, 2012 . It was the outward symbol of the Germanic Freeman who had come to . The utter lack of Latin and Celtic loan words and the apparent .
http://celto-germanic.blogspot.com/


English 'Loan Words'
Imports from Greek, Latin, Norse, French, German, Spanish Italian and Dutch are . Slogan (Britain Celtic) a group's distinctive password, phrase or shibboleth .
http://www.feedback.nildram.co.uk/richardebbs/essays/loanword.htm


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Beauty Of Language | Antimoon Forum
Brennus, just to clarify what I had said, I meant Celtic borrowings into Old English int, *not* Celtic loanwords into Common Germanic or .
http://www.antimoon.com/forum/t995.htm


by: Anonymous

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Review of Language and History in the Early Germanic World
For instance, in his discussion of Germanic-Celtic contact, G first examines two possible loan words from Germanic into Celtic (words for 'trousers' and 'horse'), .
http://linguistlist.org/pubs/reviews/get-review.cfm?SubID=4099


thank you
less

Explore Iceland - Learn the icelandic language - few words to learn ...
Germanic languages are traditionally divided into North Germanic, i.e. the Nordic . The only evidence is a few Celtic loan words and a few personal names and .
http://www.exploreiceland.is/about_iceland/icelandic_language/


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"Great tour and camping"
by: Edgar from Germany

Hello,

The ancient Roman-era Dacians, ancestors of the Romanian people?
Post-WWII expulsion of 10 million ethnic German civilians . been traced to any other ancient ethnic orbit (Greek, Roman, Germanic, Celtic, etc.). Loanwords of Dacian and Thracian origin have been theoretically traced to the modern Albanian, .
http://euroheritage.net/dacianromania.shtml



Theo Vennemann - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Theo Vennemann (born May 27, 1937) is a German linguist known best for his work on . is a substratum of European languages, especially Germanic, Celtic, and Italic. Vennemann claims this could be evidenced by various loan words, .
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theo_Vennemann



Latin or German? Which languages have influenced English more ...
Low German has contributed more loanwords to English than High German. A Celtic element also exists in English which is often overlooked.
http://www.antimoon.com/forum/2004/6113.htm



Germanic placename etymology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Germanic toponyms are the names given to places by Germanic peoples and tribes. . (or ancient loan word from. Celtic, Greek . gal- in Gaelic, via Old English .
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germanic_placename_etymology



Vasco-Caucasian - an ancient language macro-family: April 2012
Apr 23, 2012 . This is why I think this must be a loanword *panno- < *pondo- from a . Some IE languages (Celtic, Germanic, Balto-Slavic) reflect a word *abVl- .
http://vasco-caucasian.blogspot.com/2012_04_01_archive.html



Celtic languages Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com ...
Make research projects and school reports about Celtic languages easy with credible articles . influence of the time was Latin, with an equal impact on Celtic and Germanic. Speakers of both went to Latin for cultural and religious loanwords.
http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Celtic_languages.aspx



Edgar

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??????? ???? - The etymology of english words
Especially numerous among the Celtic borrowings were place names, names of rivers, hills, etc. The Germanic tribes occupied the land, but the names of many .
http://www.vestnik-kafu.info/journal/2/64/


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Tag Archive: loanwords | OxfordWords blog
Aug 6, 2012 . Tag archives: loanwords. German loanwords in the English language . the Celtic language (also known as Gaelic) which is still spoken in the .
http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/tag/loanwords/

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Gaelic in modern Scotland - The Open University
5.3.3 Gaelic loanwords in English . the Cumbric people, also speaking a P- Celtic tongue and, in the south-east, the Anglians, speakers of a Germanic tongue, .
http://openlearn.open.ac.uk/file.php/4470/!via/oucontent/course/9476/alternatives/x-gaelic_1.doc


<i>English and Celtic in contact</i> (review) - Project Muse - Johns ...
The traditional assessment of contacts between English and the Celtic . in English as opposed to their general loss in Germanic (they are only retained in . a new phonological process in Danish), place names, and loan words from Celtic .
http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/cjl/summary/v054/54.1.pierce.html


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English - The Origins and Development of the English Language ...
Celtic Loanwords. Scandinavian Loanwords. Old and . Loanwords from Low German. Loanwords from High German. Loanwords from the East. Near East.
http://www.cengage.com/search/showresults.do?N=16+4294921982+4294918289

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Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic - Brill Online Dictionaries
The non-Indo-European elements in the Celtic lexicon . *bando- 'peak, top' ( attested in Gaulish; possible cognates in Germanic). 5. . The only long vowels that appear in the roots of non-IE loanwords in Celtic are *? (which can be from the .
http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/content/celtic/appendix.html

Wien (disambiguation) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Wien is the German language name for Vienna, the city and federal state in . Celtic loanwords · German-language surnames · Austro-Bavarian-language .
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wien_(disambiguation)